Diamonds - the most recognizable precious stones
Although the range of precious stones includes as many as 19 different stones, it is the diamond that enjoys the greatest popularity. Its name means durable and indestructible in ancient Greek and it perfectly reflects its properties. It is the hardest known naturally occurring substance, for which a scale measuring the hardness of minerals was established - the Mohs scale. Diamond is not only resistant to scratching but also to acids, alkalis and hard-melting (in order to liquify it, it must be subjected to a temperature exceeding 3500 degrees Celsius). Thanks to its properties, diamonds are considered not only the best, but also a lifelong women’s friend.
Theoretically, diamond deposits can be found anywhere on Earth. In practice, however, there are several places where their occurrence is particularly numerous and is used in industrial applications. One of them is the Hindustan Peninsula (India), where there is a belt of diamond deposits of the highest quality, perfect purity and polish. These precious stones are also mined in Russia, Australia and Africa.
History of discovery
The first diamonds were mined in the 4th century BC in India. Their particular polish prompted people to make arduous attempts to give them a fine shape and develop polishing techniques. First polished diamonds were placed in statues of deities, not only as ornaments but also as precious offerings. As early as in the 4th century BC, people of India noticed the healing properties of diamonds. In wealthy families it was customary to sprinkle the heads of newborn babies with diamond dust to ensure their safety, prosperity and health. The same dust was also used to treat chronic diseases including anemia, diabetes and even tuberculosis. Over time, diamonds began to be used in the jewellery of the wealthiest people of India, Greece and Rome, although in the case of the last two countries, for many years diamonds would give way to pearls.
Although diamonds, thanks to their hardness, are widely used as an abrasive (powders, pastes, abrasive papers, and even ... dental instruments), it is in the jewellery trade that they have the greatest use. The simplest jewelry piece complemented with diamonds gains a unique glow. Embedded in precious metal, it can be used for almost any jewelry piece, but it is most often found in the following jewelry pieces.
Nothing symbolizes love and devotion better than a diamond engagement ring. Usually made of gold, it proudly announces the lovers' plans to the world. A diamond ring can also be a perfect gift for an anniversary or birthday.
Diamond studded earrings are an excellent choice for people who appreciate these precious stones, but want to wear them every day without running the risk of damaging them. Dainty diamond earrings perfectly go with a casual style, brightening the earlobes without being too overwhelming. Their shine peeks through your loose hair, drawing all the attention to them. If you want to accentuate an elegant evening outfit, reach for richly studded long diamond earrings. Put them on and any other pieces of jewelry will feel superfluous.
If you want to accentuate your cleavage in a tasteful way, choose a diamond necklace. Choose from a wide range, from timeless thin chains with a single diamond eyelet, to models with heavy weaves and a pendant studded with many stones of various sizes. A diamond necklace is perfect as a gift for religious occasions or birthdays.